About Migraine/

Other headache types

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Migraine is only one type of primary headache disorder

There are many other primary and secondary headache disorders, as defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders.
Other primary headaches
  • Tension-type headache
  • Cluster headache (and other trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias)
  • Hypnic headache
  • Exercise or exertional headache
  • Cough headache
  • Stabbing ‘ice-pick’ headache
  • New daily persistent headache
  • Cold stimulus headache
  • Hemicrania continua
Secondary headaches

There are many secondary causes of headache. Some are signs of serious underlying disease, that need to be ruled out before a migraine diagnosis is confirmed. These include infection, stroke, hypertension, cancer, bleeding in the brain, hypoxia, hypertension, low or increased intracranial pressure.

Some have a fairly obvious cause, such as headache due to trauma or injury, alcohol-induced headache, and substance withdrawal (e.g. withdrawal from caffeine, opioid or estrogen). Migraine can co-exist with or be mistaken for secondary headaches, most commonly: